According to the SCRI, the record value occurred due to the increase in average export prices (+10.5%) and the quantity shipped (+5.5%). The exported products that stood out the most in this first month of the year were corn, meat (beef, pork and chicken) and sugar.
Agribusiness imports recorded US$ 1.54 billion in January, an increase of 38.3% compared to January 2022 (US$ 1.12 billion). The value does not include inputs used in agricultural production, such as fertilizers, pesticides, parts and equipment.
Corn – Corn, which is the main export product of the cereals, flours and preparations sector, was responsible for US$ 1.8 billion: an increase of 166.4% compared to the previous January. According to SCRI, the exported volume was also a record for the months of January, with 6.2 million tons.
Some factors influenced the result: slow pace of soybean harvesting, which enabled transport logistics for cereal; the continuity of the conflict in Ukraine, which reduced the production of a major world supplier of corn, and demand from China, from the authorization for marketing in November last year.
Sugar – External sales of sugar totaled US$ 870 million, up 68%. The highlights were the following markets: Algeria, Nigeria, Morocco, Egypt and China.
Soy – The soybean complex (grains, bran and oil) exported US$ 1.5 billion, a decrease of 26.6%. The sector was influenced by the low availability of soybeans due to the slow pace of the harvest, due to the volume of rainfall. Even so, the National Supply Company (Conab) estimates a record production of 152.9 million tons of grain, in the last survey released in February.
The exported volume of soybeans in grains stood at 840,000 tons (-66%). Of this total, China acquired 61% or 509 thousand tons. Russia, Thailand and Vietnam were also major importers of Brazilian soybeans.
Soybean meal totaled $765 million exported and soybean oil $267 million. Both record results for January.